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How to Crochet the Single Crochet Stitch with Pictures and Video Tutorial

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Learn how to crochet the single crochet stitch. This abbreviates as ‘SC’ in written crochet patterns.

In this tutorial you will learn how to single crochet stitch step by step with photos and video.

The single crochet is one of the first stitches most new crocheters learn. It’s an easy stitch and works up quickly.

Learning to crochet opens up a world of crochet projects for you to take on!

A swatch of single crochet stitches in white.

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What crochet patterns use single crochet?

The Cara Crochet Face Scrubby is a wonderful first crochet project using this stitch.

This Chunky Chevron Blanket pattern uses the single crochet and works up quick in jumbo yarn.

The Front Door Wreath in the picture also uses it in a chevron design.

The Crochet Teether is super simple and made only with sc stitches.

Total beginner?

If you’re just learning to crochet you might want to check out my tutorial on how to hold your yarn.

You will also need to know how to crochet a chain, so start here if you need more info on how to chain.


In this tutorial I’m using a #6 super bulky yarn. I like using this thick yarn for tutorials because it’s easier to see the stitches.

One of the hardest parts about learning to crochet is learning to “read” your stitches. At first, it can be challenging to understand what you’re looking at, or where to put your hook.

You may use any weight yarn and compatible hook for this tutorial. Likely you are using a #4 medium worsted weight yarn. That’s perfect.

The different sizes of yarn will crochet up different size stitches. Like I said, the thick yarn is easier to see your stitches so that’s why I chose it.


The single crochet is the shortest ‘regular’ crochet stitch. It’s one of the three basic stitches in crochet.

It’s often the first one we learn, as it requires the least number of steps. This stitch is used in a variety of patterns including hats, scarves, blankets and many more.


  • any weight yarn, or yarn your pattern calls for. I’m using Lion Brand’s Wool Ease Thick and Quick*, in Fisherman, a #6 super bulky weight yarn.
  • crochet hook compatible with your yarn, I’m using my Furls Streamline 10mm (P) in Ebony.


This is a tutorial so there aren’t too many notes. However, most crochet patterns will include a notes section about the specific pattern.

For a single crochet pattern my notes would include something like this:

  1. Chain 1 at the beginning of the row does not count as a stitch.

Stitches/Abbreviations (US Terms)

I have tried not to use abbreviations in this tutorial. But crochet comes with it’s own language! Here are some of the common abbreviations associated with the single crochet stitch.



sc-single crochet



yo-yarn over

I use US terms in my crochet patterns and tutorials. In UK terms the US sc – single crochet = dc – double crochet. So it’s important to know if you’re pattern is in US or UK terms, as the terms will have different results.




There are two main ways to crochet: flat and in the round. This stitch is made the same either way.

Crocheting flat means you will work in rows, and turn the row over to work back across the row. Then you will keep repeating, essentially crocheting a rectangle or square.

When you crochet in the round you join your stitches to make a circle. This is a common way to crochet for hat making. But hats can also be crocheted flat, like the Backcountry Beanie


When crocheting you will start with a foundation chain. If you need more info on how to crochet a chain you can check out this tutorial.

The foundation chain can be any number of stitches when working in single crochet. You will need to chain 1 more than the number of stitches you want to end up with. 

That chain 1 will be a turning chain and not count as a stitch. See the Notes section.

Single Crochet Video Tutorial

Watch how to crochet the single crochet video tutorial on my YouTube channel.

Single crochet swatch in white.

How To Crochet a Single Crochet

Yield: 1
Prep Time: 1 minute
Active Time: 10 minutes
Additional Time: 5 minutes
Total Time: 16 minutes
Difficulty: Easy
Estimated Cost: $1

Learn how to crochet the single crochet stitch. This is easiest, most basic crochet stitch for beginners.


  • any weight yarn, I'm using a #4 med weight yarn


  • hook size compatible with your yarn, I'm using a 5mm (H) hook


    1. Chain to any number, plus one more for the turning chain. Here I chain 12, so I will end with 11 single crochet stitches. picture of chain for sc tutorial
    2. (Row 1) Insert hook into the 2nd chain from your hook. The blue yarn needle marks the chain in the above photo. picture of hook inserted in second ch sc tutorial I work in the back loop of the chain, which is easier, and neater.
    3. Wrap the yarn around the hook, known as "yarn over" and abbreviated "yo."picture of yarn over yo
    4. ‘Pull up a loop’ is common terminology which means to pull the yarn through and leave it on the hook for now. You have 2 loops on your hook. picture of yarn pulled through for single crochet
    5. Yarn over picture of yarn over the hook for sc crochet
    6. Pull through 2 loops on your hook. First single crochet made. picture of first single crochet complete
    7. Insert hook in next chain, yo and pull up a loop, yo and pull through both loops. picture of second complete single crochet
    8. Repeat step 7 in each chain across the row. First complete row single crochet.
    9. When you get to the end of the row, turn your work. picture of blue yarn needle in first stitch of second row
    10. (Row 2) Chain 1, single crochet in the first stitch. The blue yarn needle (above) marks where you will insert your hook. picture of row 2 start single crochet tutorial
    11. Insert your hook in the next stitch, and single crochet. The picture shows the top view where you can see how the hook goes under the two top loops of the single crochet stitch from the previous row. picture of hook inserted under loops of sc st
    12. Continue to single crochet in each stitch across the row. The blue yarn needle marks the last stitch you will work into of the row. picture of end of single crochet row blue needle marks last stitch
    13. picture of two single crochet rows complete Keep repeating Row 2 until your length is reached.
    14. Cut yarn and weave in ends.

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