Learn how to crochet the foundation double crochet stitch. The Fdc or foundation dc is a way to crochet the beginning chain with each double crochet. Essentially, you’re working the chain and dc stitches as you go.
Today I’m excited to share one of my favorite crochet stitches with you. The foundation double crochet or fdc is a way of working the “chain” and the double crochet at the same time. Which totally eliminates the need to make long chains and then work back into them.
For me, starting chains are usually the hardest part of a project-both as a designer and as a crocheter. As a crocheter they’re just a pain. My chains are my most inconsistent stitch-some too tight and some too loose. And it doesn’t seem to matter if I’m chaining 20 or 100+ I can’t get the count right. Just me?
As a designer, I’m usually working with measurements, so I need to crochet to certain widths. Well, reworking a chain over a dozen times does not make that fun. But using foundation stitches I can just pull out the few too many or keep going and add more. I don’t have to start all the way over again!
Another great part of fdc is that the bottom of the stitch looks like a stitch, so it’s easy to crochet into when adding borders or edgings to your work. So what’s not to love? Why haven’t we learned this one sooner? Honestly it can be a bit tricky. When I first learned them I had to keep looking it up. It takes a few stitches too before you can really “see” what’s happening. But that’s why I created this tutorial.
I made a Foundation Single Crochet Video last year that has been one of my most popular videos. It’s definitely a technique that improves your crocheting. So check it out and take the time to practice on your next project.
Check out the tutorial for how to crochet the Foundation Half Double Crochet stitch too.
Foundation DC Video Tutorial
You watch how to crochet the foundation double crochet stitch in my YouTube video. Sometimes a video is more helpful. For those who prefer, the photo tutorial is down below.
Scroll down for the Foundation Double Crochet Photo Tutorial
- Any weight yarn works for this stitch, so use what you have on hand! #4 medium worsted weight yarn is what I'm using here.
- Choose a crochet hook to match your yarn weight. Usually 4mm - 6mm hooks works well with #4 medium weight yarn.
- Chain 3.
- YO and insert your hook into the furthest chain from your hook.
- YO and pull up a loop (3 loops on your hook).
- YO and pull through one loop (3 loops left on your hook). This forms the “chain.”
- Now you will complete a double crochet: yo and pull through 2 loops (2 loops on your hook).
- YO and pull through last 2 loops on your hook (1 loop left on your hook). You’ve made 1 fdc and your starting ch 3 can count as your first dc (or not, depending on your pattern or preference).
- To make your next fdc, YO and insert your hook into the “chain” that you made, marked here by the yellow yarn needle in this picture. It’s just under the normal dc. It helps to hold on to the spot as you work so you know where to place your hook.
- YO and pull up a loop, YO and pull through 1 loop (3 loops left on your hook).
- Now complete the dc part: YO and pull through 2 loops, YO and pull through last 2 loops, 2nd fdc done.
- Continue to repeat Steps 7-9 until your foundation double crochet row is as long as needed.
- One of the nice things about foundation stitches is that the bottom looks like the top of your stitches and is easy to crochet into!Since I used a larger hook for the tutorial I worked up a few fdc with my 5.5mm Alpha Series from Furls*, which is more compatible with this yarn size. And it looks lovely!
Eccola! I hope this tutorial has helped you learn the foundation double crochet stitch. If you’re like me, you’ll have to look at it over and over until it finally sticks. And that’s ok, because it’s totally worth it!
No more fighting to work into those long blanket chains. Or counting hundreds of chains again and again-I always get a different number, how does that happen?!
If you already knew this stitch I hope this was a good reminder to use it. What is your favorite project to use foundation stitches on?
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